Get the Sum of Digits / Digital Root using Java

The challenge

Digital root is the recursive sum of all the digits in a number.

Given n, take the sum of the digits of n. If that value has more than one digit, continue reducing in this way until a single-digit number is produced. This is only applicable to the natural numbers.

Examples

16 --> 1 + 6 = 7 942 --> 9 + 4 + 2 = 15 --> 1 + 5 = 6 132189 --> 1 + 3 + 2 + 1 + 8 + 9 = 24 --> 2 + 4 = 6 493193 --> 4 + 9 + 3 + 1 + 9 + 3 = 29 --> 2 + 9 = 11 --> 1 + 1 = 2

Tests cases

import org.junit.Test; import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals; public class DRootExampleTest { @Test public void Tests() { assertEquals( "Nope!" , 7, DRoot.digital_root(16)); assertEquals( "Nope!" , 6, DRoot.digital_root(456)); } }
Code language: Java (java)

The solution in Java

public class DRoot { public static int digital_root(int n) { // return the number if less than 10 // this is to break out of the recursion loop if (n<10) return n; // set an output variable int out = 0; // while we still have numbers, loop while(n>0) { // increment our output by the base out += n % 10; // reduce the base by the same amount n = n / 10; } // return a recursion of the output return digital_root(out); } }
Code language: Java (java)
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