Get The Shortest Path in Binary Matrix using Python

The challenge

In an N by N square grid, each cell is either empty (0) or blocked (1).

clear path from top-left to bottom-right has length k if and only if it is composed of cells C_1, C_2, ..., C_k such that:

  • Adjacent cells C_i and C_{i+1} are connected 8-directionally (ie., they are different and share an edge or corner)
  • C_1 is at location (0, 0) (ie. has value grid[0][0])
  • C_k is at location (N-1, N-1) (ie. has value grid[N-1][N-1])
  • If C_i is located at (r, c), then grid[r][c] is empty (ie. grid[r][c] == 0).

Return the length of the shortest such clear path from top-left to bottom-right.  If such a path does not exist, return -1.

Example 1:

Input: [[0,1],[1,0]]
 Output: 2

Example 2:

Input: [[0,0,0],[1,1,0],[1,1,0]]
 Output: 4

Note:

  1. 1 <= grid.length == grid[0].length <= 100
  2. grid[r][c] is 0 or 1

The solution

def shortestPathBinaryMatrix(self, grid: List[List[int]]) -> int: """ :type grid: List[List[int]] :rtype: int """ if grid[0][0] != 0: return -1 q = [[0, 0, 1]] grid[0][0] = 1 while len(q) != 0: # print(q) k, m, d = q.pop(0) # grid[k][m] = 1 if k == m == len(grid) - 1: return d # UP if k - 1 >= 0 and grid[k - 1][m] == 0: q.append([k - 1, m, d + 1]) grid[k-1][m] = 1 # DOWN if k + 1 < len(grid) and grid[k + 1][m] == 0: q.append([k + 1, m, d + 1]) grid[k+1][m] = 1 # LEFT if m - 1 >= 0 and grid[k][m - 1] == 0: q.append([k, m - 1, d + 1]) grid[k][m-1] = 1 # RIGHT if m + 1 < len(grid[0]) and grid[k][m + 1] == 0: q.append([k, m + 1, d + 1]) grid[k][m+1] = 1 # TOP LEFT if k - 1 >= 0 and m - 1 >= 0 and grid[k - 1][m - 1] == 0: q.append([k - 1, m - 1, d + 1]) grid[k-1][m-1] = 1 # TOP RIGHT if k - 1 >= 0 and m + 1 < len(grid[0]) and grid[k - 1][m + 1] == 0: q.append([k - 1, m + 1, d + 1]) grid[k-1][m+1] = 1 # BOTTOM LEFT if k + 1 < len(grid) and m - 1 >= 0 and grid[k + 1][m - 1] == 0: q.append([k + 1, m - 1, d + 1]) grid[k+1][m-1] = 1 # BOTTOM RIGHT if k + 1 < len(grid) and m + 1 < len(grid[0]) and grid[k + 1][m + 1] == 0: q.append([k + 1, m + 1, d + 1]) grid[k+1][m+1] = 1 return -1
Code language: Python (python)

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