Write a function:
that, given an array A of N integers, returns the smallest positive integer (greater than 0) that does not occur in A.
For example, given
A = [1, 3, 6, 4, 1, 2], the function should return 5.
A = [1, 2, 3], the function should return 4.
A = [−1, −3], the function should return 1.
Write an efficient algorithm for the following assumptions:
- N is an integer within the range [1..100,000];
- each element of array A is an integer within the range [−1,000,000..1,000,000].
def solution(A): # sort the list and create a set # this will remove all duplicates A = set(sorted(A)) # create the default answer of 1 answer = 1 # loop through all items in set for i in A: # if the same as answer if i == answer: # increment answer+=1 # return the answer return answer