Custom RGB To Hex Conversion with Python

The challenge

The rgb function is incomplete. Complete it so that passing in RGB decimal values will result in a hexadecimal representation being returned. Valid decimal values for RGB are 0 – 255. Any values that fall out of that range must be rounded to the closest valid value.

Note: Your answer should always be 6 characters long, the shorthand with 3 will not work here.

The following are examples of expected output values:

rgb(255, 255, 255) # returns FFFFFF
rgb(255, 255, 300) # returns FFFFFF
rgb(0,0,0) # returns 000000
rgb(148, 0, 211) # returns 9400D3

Test cases

test.assert_equals(rgb(0,0,0),"000000", "testing zero values")
test.assert_equals(rgb(1,2,3),"010203", "testing near zero values")
test.assert_equals(rgb(255,255,255), "FFFFFF", "testing max values")
test.assert_equals(rgb(254,253,252), "FEFDFC", "testing near max values")
test.assert_equals(rgb(-20,275,125), "00FF7D", "testing out of range values")

The solution using Python

def rgb(r, g, b):
    # helper function
    def help(c):
        if c<0: return 0
        if c>255: return 255
        return c
    # make sure that values are within bounds
    r = help(r)
    g = help(g)
    b = help(b)
    # convert to hex
    # maintain 2 spaces each
    val = "%02x%02x%02x" % (r, g, b)
    # return UpperCase string
    return val.upper()
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